It is used primarily to:
Improve proprioception after injuries or surgery involving the leg
Strengthen the core stability muscles to help decrease back pain
Help children sit and concentrate in class
Exercise Disc Balance Cushion to Improve Proprioception
Proprioception refers to the feedback loop between the body telling the brain what position the joints are in and the brain making rapid adjustments to the joints’ position depending on circumstances.
This is known as the proprioception feedback loop and to prevent injury to a joint it must happen continuously and rapidly. If there has been an injury or surgery to a limb the natural proprioception loop will be affected and will not necessarily recover unless appropriate rehabilitation is done.
When the eyes are open the visual feedback the brain receives also gives the brain a lot of information about joint position. However if there is for instance an unseen obstacle or an uneven surface, the proprioceptive mechanism must work rapidly and effectively to prevent injury from occurring.
Therefore proprioceptive exercises should be started with the eyes open and made harder by closing the eyes.
Examples of injuries where a balance cushion/ stability disc can be used to improve proprioception include:
knee anterior cruciate injury
after knee anterior cruciate surgery
after knee meniscus (cartilage) surgery
following joint replacement surgery
collateral knee ligament injury
Exercise Disc Balance Cushion to Strengthen Core Stability and Decrease Back Pain
Sitting on an exercise disc balance cushion encourages active/ dynamic sitting. The disc is placed directly onto the chair sat on, this provides a less stable sitting surface, which means that the body has to make continuous small movements to correct balance. These movements use and thus strengthen the deep core stability muscles which provide postural support to the body.
The best way to use a stability cushion to improve core strength and posture is to simply to sit on it for short periods little and often during the day. It is still possible to slouch when sitting on a stability cushion so it remains important to be aware of maintaining a good sitting posture.
Exercise Disc Balance Cushion to Help Children to Concentrate in Class
Balance cushions are frequently used in schools to assist children who find it difficult to sit still. Additionally balance training exercises have been shown to help children with dyspraxia, dyslexia and ADHD.
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