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Uses and Benefits of an Exercise Disc Balance Cushion

by WoV
source: http://physiobench.com author: Jane Hodgson

An exercise disc balance cushion, otherwise known as a wobble cushion, balance disc or balance cushion is an inflatable round cushion which is strong enough to stand or sit on, and when doing so gives an unstable surface. Read latest volleyball news on Worldofvolley.com.


Disc Balance

It is used primarily to:

    Improve proprioception after injuries or surgery involving the leg
    Strengthen the core stability muscles to help decrease back pain
    Help children sit and concentrate in class

Exercise Disc Balance Cushion to Improve Proprioception

Proprioception refers to the feedback loop between the body telling the brain what position the joints are in and the brain making rapid adjustments to the joints’ position depending on circumstances.

This is known as the proprioception feedback loop and to prevent injury to a joint it must happen continuously and rapidly. If there has been an injury or surgery to a limb the natural proprioception loop will be affected and will not necessarily recover unless appropriate rehabilitation is done.

When the eyes are open the visual feedback the brain receives also gives the brain a lot of information about joint position. However if there is for instance an unseen obstacle or an uneven surface, the proprioceptive mechanism must work rapidly and effectively to prevent injury from occurring.

Therefore proprioceptive exercises should be started with the eyes open and made harder by closing the eyes.

Examples of injuries where a balance cushion/ stability disc can be used to improve proprioception include:

    sprained ankle
    knee anterior cruciate injury
    after knee anterior cruciate surgery
    after knee meniscus (cartilage) surgery
    following joint replacement surgery
    collateral knee ligament injury

Exercise Disc Balance Cushion to Strengthen Core Stability and Decrease Back Pain

Sitting on an exercise disc balance cushion encourages active/ dynamic sitting. The disc is placed directly onto the chair sat on,  this provides a less stable sitting surface, which means that the body has to make continuous small movements to correct balance. These movements use and thus strengthen the deep core stability muscles which provide postural support to the body.

The best way to use a stability cushion to improve core strength and posture is to simply to sit on it for short periods little and often during the day. It is still possible to slouch when sitting on a stability cushion so it remains important to be aware of maintaining a good sitting posture.

Exercise Disc Balance Cushion to Help Children to Concentrate in Class

Balance cushions are frequently used in schools to assist children who find it difficult to sit still. Additionally balance training exercises have been shown to help children with dyspraxia, dyslexia and ADHD.

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