PERFORMANCE MODEL CONSISTS OF:
–MODEL SKILLS OR MOTOR CAPACITY (COORDINATING AND CONDITIONAL)
–METABOLISM SYSTEMS MORE INVOLVED
COORDINATING CAPACITY consists of: general (motor learning, control, adaptation) and specific ( combination, balance, ability, rythm, anticipation, reaction, orientation, fantasy, differentiation space/ time, differentiation dynamic or force modulation)
CONDITIONAL CAPACITY consists: force, resistance, velocity, joint mobility and flexibility
METABOLISM SYSTEM consist of: anaerobic alactacid; anaerobic lactacid and aerobic (according on time duration and intensity of the efforts).
Now, we can say that VOLLEYBALL is an acyclic and open skills sport (unpredictable situations) containing almost all of the coordinative capacity and that according to the metabolism, volleyball is an intermittent effort sport inside the anaerobic alactacid system.
Regarding the conditional capacity there are a lot of classifications about the different type of force but we can easily consider volleyball as an EXPLOSIVE-REACTIVE STRENGTH RESISTANCE SPORT.
What does it mean?
It means that the athletes have to use resistance at the explosive and reactive power. Specifically, they should be able to jump explosively and reactively and keep this performance level during the whole match although with rest between jumps.
Exactly how many jumps and how much rest?
• Action time (gameplay): 5”-7”
• Number of jumps (one set): 20-35
• Number of jumps in training: 120-160
• % jumps/maximum (match): 55-70%
•A middle blocker generally makes 25-35 jumps in one set, all of them maximal
• An outside hitter makes generally 20-25 jumps in one set, almost all of them maximal
• A setter makes 35-45 jumps in one set, not all of them maximal
VOLLEYBALL GAME TIMING:
• 1-3 sec 25% = error
• 4-7 sec 52% = standard
• 8-9 sec 22% = multiple
• > 19 sec 1% = long
Around 15” = rest time between action
• 1-3 sec 15,5% = error
• 4-7 sec 49% = standard
• 8-19 sec 31% = multiple
• > 19 sec 4,5% = long
• Around 15” = rest time between actions
As you can see and as these numbers confirm our there are not many differences between men’s and women’s high level volleyball matches. Most of the actions are timed in between 4-8 seconds with 15 seconds of rest between them and so our physical training has to go in this direction.
According on these considerations, one of the best ways to train our athletes is using exercises from the power lifting discipline but this is another story for the next time….
ALESSANDRO BRACCESCHI (Fano, Italy 16/07/1980)
– Degree in accounting (I.T.C Battisti, Fano 1998)
– Degree in Physical Education (with emphasis on Prevention/Rehabilitation)
University of Urbino, Italy 2003
* 2006-2007 Player and Athletic Trainer “Nuncas Piu Volley Chieri”* 2006-2007 Athletic Trainer “Pallavolo Torino” Men’s Division C, Italy
*2007-2008 Athletic Trainer “Santeramo Sport” Women’s Division A1, Italy
*2007-2011 Athletic Trainer Bulgarian Women’s National and Junior National Teams
*2008-present Athletic Trainer “Vakifbank Gunes Sigorta” Women’s League 1, Turkey Champion’s League